Using ENV Variables


This article is a continuation of the topic started in the previous article about Apollo Provider.

In this article we'll learn how we can access data from the api stack, and inject the necessary values as environment variables, so that they are available to webpack, and in the end, to our React app.

Stack state

Webiny project consists of stacks of infrastructure. Out of the box, we setup an api and an apps stack. Once you deploy your api stack, you create different resources, like APIs, Cognito User Pools, etc. More often than not, React app needs access to some of that data (we call it stack state).

This is done in webiny.config.js file, right before we run our development or production builds of the React app. We need to import a utility to help us with this:

const { startApp } = require("@webiny/project-utils");
+ const { setEnvironmentFromState } = require("@webiny/cli-plugin-deploy-components/utils");
+ const map = { REACT_APP_GRAPHQL_API_URL: "${cdn.url}/graphql" };
module.exports = {
commands: {
async start({ env, stack, ...options }, context) {
+ await setEnvironmentFromState({ env, stack, map }, context);
await startApp(options, context);

With these additions we're loading the stack state for the given environment, and setting the environment variables into the current process.env based on the defined map. What "${cdn.url}/graphql" means is: access the state's cdn resource, and get the url property of that resource.

To see all the values that are currently utilized by React apps, open apps/admin/webiny.config.js of your project, to see the app that is configured for you out of the box.

The last thing to do is to tell the start command, what env and state we want to use. To do that, we'll update our package.json file:

"scripts": {
- "start": "env-cmd -r .env.json -e default webiny run start"
+ "start": "env-cmd -r .env.json -e default webiny run start --env=local --stack=api"

Now we can start our app again. The value of REACT_APP_GRAPHQL_API_URL will be assigned to process.env.REACT_APP_GRAPHQL_API_URL, which will be picked up by webpack, and in turn be injected wherever you reference this variable in your app.

Now our <ApolloProvider> knows where the API is!

Last updated on by Pavel Denisjuk